Installation shot at opening event of Virtual Assembly by Julie Marsh at Ambika P3
Julie Marsh, Virtual Assembly, 2023 – exhibition view – Ambika P3. Photo: Alex Brenner

On Tuesday 21st March 2023, Virtual Assembly opened to the public in Ambika P3, the exhibition showcased a series of immersive architectural models depicting the former Old Kent Road Mosque in Southwark. These models were brought to life through large-scale projections, offering an interactive experience for the audience. Started in 2020, the exhibition formed the second- iteration of a collaborative project directed by CREAM researcher and senior lecturer, Julie Marsh. Alongside the exhibition, the opening event was accompanied by an artist talk with Julie Marsh and a panel discussion with members of Old Kent Road Mosque congregation chaired by architect and curator Shahed Saleem. 

In the early 1960s, a transient community of Nigerians came to London to study. Initially staying only for short periods, it wasn’t until the 1980s that a more permanent community began to form, giving rise to the Muslim Association of Nigeria UK (MAN UK). A further ten years passed before MAN UK acquired their first place of worship, the Old Kent Road Mosque. In 2018, approval was granted for a six-storey mosque to be built on the site, as both an act of devotion and a practical response to a growing community. In September 2021 the building was demolished. Prior to the demolition, the Fabrication Lab at the University of Westminster conducted a LiDAR scan of the entire building as part of the Three British Mosque’s exhibition at the 2021 Venice Biennale, curated by Shahed Saleem and the V&A. This scan served as the foundation for Julie Marsh’s interactive model to house pre-recorded films of congregational prayers, complemented by a collection of stories and personal accounts from mosque members. Migrant communities and their histories often remain undocumented and underrepresented. These interactive models, created and curated in collaboration with the mosque congregation and the Fabrication Lab, act as an experiential archive, revealing the lived experiences and embodied knowledge of the users. They offer innovative ways to engage with the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of London’s oldest Nigerian community during a significant phase of their evolutionary journey. 

Old Kent Road Mosque congregation members during panel discussion.
Old Kent Road Mosque congregation members add their views during the panel discussion. Photo: Alex Brenner

The exhibition opening attracted over 60 members of the congregation, who eagerly explored the interactive models and provided valuable feedback and responses to the work. As one congregation member commented:

My son has never had the experience of walking into this mosque. It’s heart-breaking from a certain perspective but this artwork will keep it alive for years and years and years to come. So, they can see where we came from and what we experienced and hopefully we can build on those strong memories and bonds for our kids and the future mosque”

Architect and curator, Shahed Saleem, reflected on the significance of the project:    

Virtual Assembly in P3 was a powerful and thought-provoking exhibition. Seeing the projections illuminating the cavernous space at such a scale was a very spatial and sensual experience. The viewer felt immersed in the buildings and felt them as powerful and significant spaces; the method of display gave them a renewed status as highly important places of architectural and social history. To be able to engage with the digital model added a further layer of agency for the viewer and furthered new and experimental practices of collaboration that lie at the heart of the project”. 

Three people interacting with 3D model using gamepad
Congregation members interacting with the 3D model walkthrough. Photo: Alex Brenner 

Feedback from the exhibition is to play a vital role in shaping the final iteration of the research and the audience were invited to offer their suggestions. As one congregation member commented: “In my mind, it would be nice to have some tangible ways to leave feedback in person so people who do have an emotional connection and want to add to the storytelling can do so.” This feedback and others like it, will be essential in developing the final iteration of the project which will be presented through a web-based platform for MANUK.   

Julie Marsh’s research is engaged with collaborative and knowledge-led approaches to field research, from moving image to emergent technologies. Through the exploration of real and representational space she investigates how technical machines can perform site, creating critical experiences for audiences that open debate and question social spaces. In 2017 she coined the term “site-integrity” as a particular but original mode of site-specific practice that directly responds to the site and its community. Artistic devices allow for clear articulation of the material, architectural, social, and institutional discourses present in site as a dynamic network or system of exchange. This egalitarian approach to artmaking encourages reflexive conversations that avoid reductive ethnographic portraits of ‘subjects’ and fixed representation.

Person interacting with 3d model from Virtual Assembly work by Julie Marsh
Congregation member engaging with the interactive model. Photo: Alex Brenner